Department of Health

Prostate and bladder problems

The prostate gland is about the size of walnut and is only found in men. Located just below the neck of the bladder, it surrounds the bladder outlet or urethra. Its job is to secrete a milky fluid that becomes part of the semen and nourishes the sperm.

As men age, the prostate gland enlarges. In most cases, this causes no problems at all, but for some this enlargement can cause urinary problems such as:

  • a slow and/or interrupted stream
  • difficulty starting to pass urine
  • increased need to pass urine more frequently
  • a feeling of incomplete emptying
  • loss of urinary control (eg incontinence)

Poor bladder control due to prostate disease can be treated in a number of ways.

What can I do?

It is important you seek help. Talk to your doctor or a continence nurse adviser. For further information see: